Many people choose to get tattoos of various shapes. Whatever the reason for getting a tattoo, every person should be aware of the risks involved. Beyond the short-term pain, a number of complications during or after the operation of tattooing may occur.
A tattoo is a permanent design or mark that is made on the skin with pigments inserted into the superficial layers of the skin by pricking. Usually, the tattoo artist uses a portable which contains one or more needles with which the skin is punctured or pierced repeatedly during the process of tattooing. With each piercing a drop of ink will be inserted into the skin. When the process is done without anesthesia, it causes minor bleeding and bearable pain.
It is very important that the tattoo shop is clean and bright, easy to use, clean and sterilized tools (such as stainless steel) should be used, the tattoo artist should use sterile gloves during the procedure and the area of the tattoo to be disinfected with an antiseptic before the procedure.
What risks might a tattoo imply?
The main complications that may occur after tattooing include:
– Infections – the instruments used for tattooing can transmit infectious diseases such as hepatitis. It is very important to make sure that the tattoo equipment is sterile before use. Even if needles are sterile and have never been used, it is important to know that the equipment that fits those cannot be sterilized because of how it was built. In addition, the person getting the tattoo should properly care for the tattooed area of skin in the first week.
– Granulomas – are nodules that may form as a result of the body’s reaction to foreign substances particles introduced into the skin, such as pigments used for tattooing
– Difficulty in removing or deleting the tattoo – despite advances in laser technology, removing a tattoo is a laborious process. The process involves several treatments and costs. Total removal may be impossible without scars.
– Allergic reactions – allergic reactions to tattoo pigments used are quite rare. When triggered, it can be quite annoying, because pigments can be difficult to remove. It is possible for a person to develop an allergic reaction even to a tattoo made several years ago.
– The Appearance of keloid formations – if you are prone to developing keloid scars, which enlarge beyond normal limits, the risk of keloid scars formation even after getting a tattoo is present. Keloid formations can develop at any time.
– Complications after a MRI – there has been reported that persons who had permanent or semi-permanent tattoos experienced swelling or burning in the affected areas when they did a MRI scan. This happened rarely, without any lasting effects.
Another problem that may be encountered in the tattoos is dissatisfaction with the way in which they were made. While it may be satisfying at first, the tattoo’s colors may fade or could exceed the original area the image looking blurry.
Also, the ink used to tattoo must be of quality and contain safe chemicals (it should not contain impurities; it should be kept in sterile containers and not contain compounds that trigger cancer after their absorption in the skin). The best inks are the ones containing organic pigments.
Take care of your tattoo
How you should take care of your tattoo depends on the type and extent of it. However, the general rules of care to be applied after getting a tattoo include:
• the bandage should be removed after 24 hours and it is necessary to apply an antibiotic ointment on the tattooed area during its entire healing process.
• the tattooed skin should be kept clean. Use soap and water and mild touching of the area. When you shower, do not allow water to run directly on the newly tattooed skin. Do not rub the area to dry.
• use moisturizing creams on the tattoo several times a day
• no sun exposure for at least several weeks
• avoid swimming, stay away from swimming pools, hot tubs, rivers, lakes and other water sources until the tattoo heals
• choose your clothes carefully. Do not wear anything that might stick to the tattoo
• for at least two weeks do not break the crust to lessen the risk of infection, scarring, and damage to the tattoo.
If you think your tattoo is infected (skin is red, swollen and tender to the touch) or you’re worried that it will not heal properly, contact your doctor because you may need treatment with antibiotics. If you want to remove the tattoo, ask your dermatologist about ways the tattoo can be removed.