What is the Thyroid Gland?
The thyroid gland is located in the neck, and when the hormone levels released by it get too high or too low, you will experience lots of side effects. Even though men experience thyroid problems, women are the ones who suffer because of it the most.
There are various symptoms of thyroid problems, the most common being weight-related. Women who have thyroid problems will either gain or lose lots of weight. Low levels of thyroid hormones will lead to weight gain, whereas high levels will lead to weight loss.
Swelling in the neck can also occur because of thyroid problems. This happens regardless of the problem; people with hyperthyroidism as well as ones with hypothyroidism could get these swellings in the neck.
Another common symptom of a thyroid problem is the change in heart rate. Hypothyroidism will lead to a slower heart rate, whereas hyperthyroidism will lead to an accelerated heart rate.
High blood pressure and palpitations could also take place because of a thyroid problem. Thyroid problems will lead to changes in energy and in mood.
Hyperthyroidism will make people have lots of energy, be irritable, and have troubles sleeping. On the other hand, hypothyroidism will lead to low levels of energy, a constant desire to sleep, and an overall state of apathy.
Which are the Symptoms and the Treatment Methods?
Women could also experience weight loss or gain, and a different reception to temperature, such as always being hot or cold. These symptoms are similar to the ones caused by menopause, so if you have them, it is important to go to the doctor to see what is the actual cause of the changes.
According to the American Thyroid Association, anyone with the ages of 35 or older should be screened for thyroid once every five years. A blood test will reveal if you have thyroid problems, or if the cause of the symptoms is another one.
The most common cause for a hypothyroid problem is the Hashimoto’s disease, through which the white cells attack the thyroid. Graves’ disease is the most common cause for hyperthyroidism.
In both of the cases, for both hyper or hypothyroidism, medication will be required. In both of the cases, the medications will be required for the rest of the life, because otherwise, the problems will persist. When the medication is taken, the symptoms go away and people are able to live a normal life.
In the case of hyperthyroidism, surgery is possible, but only if the medication does not work. After the surgery, which consists of removing the thyroid gland, the patient will have to take medications for the rest of his/her life.