Medical Advice

Understand High Blood Pressure and Take Care of It

Having high blood pressure puts you in the risk of developing various heart conditions, strokes, and heart diseases. The higher the blood pressure is, the higher the risks are.

Luckily, it can be pretty easy to lower the blood pressure, as all you need to do is change certain things in your life.

When can Blood Pressure be Considered High?

Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in the arteries, and it is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It is recorded as two figures, such as 145/85 for example.

That is considered a 145 over 85 blood pressure. The first number (systolic pressure) represents the pressure when the heart contracts, and the second number (diastolic pressure), represents it when the heart rests. One is considered to have high blood pressure when it exceeds 140 over 90.

There are cases when just the systolic pressure is high, when just the diastolic pressure is high, or when both of the pressures are high.

The exact cause of high blood pressure is unknown, because various factors can influence it. For example the resistance, or the pressure in the arteries, can contribute to it.

There are cases when high blood pressure is caused by various conditions, such as kidney related problems. High blood pressure is pretty common, especially in middle aged adults.

Overweight people, people who have diabetes, and the ones who had a history of high blood pressure in the family have higher chances of suffering of high blood pressure. People who smoke, consume lots of coffee, alcohol, and eat lots of salt, have higher chances of suffering of high blood pressure as well.Understand High Blood Pressure and Take Care of It

High blood pressure does not cause any symptoms, but even so, it is advisable to check your blood pressure once every 5 years. People with diabetes, smokers, or the ones with a family history of blood pressure should verify it more often.

If left untreated, high blood pressure could lead to various cardiovascular diseases, kidney damage, and all sorts of complications. Because of this, it is important to eliminate the risks factors from our life.

Changes to Reduce High Blood Pressure

We should stop smoking, eating too much salt, drink too much alcohol, and we should do more exercises. There are certain factors which cannot be avoided.

For example African-Americans have higher chances of having high blood pressure. People with a family history of high blood pressure are more prone to it as well.

In order to reduce the odds of having high blood pressure is important to lose weight in case you are overweight. It is also important to perform exercises and to have a healthy diet.

You should avoid eating too much fat, or consuming too much salt. Coffee and alcohol consumption should be reduced as well. Medication might be required for people who have cardiovascular disease, or for the ones who suffer of diabetes, or other conditions.

People who changed their lifestyle and still have high blood pressure should take medication as well.

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