There are various types of ulcers, the most common being the duodenal ulcer. The stomach ulcer is a type of peptic ulcer, which is caused by the stomach acid.
The Acid made by the stomach attacks the stomach
The stomach produces acid in order to digest the food. However, the acid is corrosive, and certain cells from the stomach produce a mucus which protects the lining of the stomach against the acid. Ulcer occurs when there is an imbalance between the mucus and the acid produced by the stomach.
When the acid is in higher quantities than the mucus, then the lining of the stomach will be damaged. There are various factors for the development of ulcer.
One of the main causes is the bacteria Helicobacter. Around 80 percent of the people get infected with it, and if it isn’t treated, it can stay in the body for the rest of the life. In most of the people, the Helicobacter does not cause any problems, but in some, it causes ulcer.
Another common source of ulcer is the anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin. There are numerous types and brands of anti-inflammatory drugs, as they are very common.
They are usually taken in order to treat various pain and aches, but when they are taken in excess, they can destroy the mucus from the stomach.
Because of this, you should be careful not to take too many of these drugs, as they can be hazardous for the stomach. 20 percent of the ulcers are caused by these drugs.
Rare Ulcer Causes and Treatment Options
There are other causes for ulcer as well, but they are very rare. For example, viral infections could cause ulcers, and Crohn’s disease can also lead to ulcer sometimes.
People who have ulcer experience pain in their stomach. The pain usually goes away if anti-acid medications are taken. People who have ulcer might also feel bloated, sick, and feel very full after they eat.
Ulcer could lead to complications, which should not be neglected. For example, the ulcer might cause bleeding, which can be a serious threat.
The ulcer might also be able to perforate the stomach, and in that case a surgical intervention might be required.
There are various treatments for ulcer, depending on what caused it. If the ulcer was caused by Helicobacter, then it is important to treat that infection first. You will need to take medications against the bacteria, then antibiotics, and then an additional medication might be required.
Even so, in some of the cases, Helicobacter returns in the body. In case the ulcer was caused by an anti-inflammatory drug, then you will need to stop taking it, and let the ulcer to heal. It is very likely that you will need to take anti-acid drugs as well.