It supports neuronal development, helps regulate the level of water and mineral salts in the blood, it regulates heart activity and prevents damage to the eye tissue. Due to its complex role in the body taurine is considered an unusual and miraculous amino acid.
Helps metabolizing fats and the absorption of vitamins
Taurine is synthesized in the body from two other amino acids – methionine and cysteine, and is an important component of bile acids, which help absorbing fats and fat soluble vitamins. Also, taurine regulates the heart rate, mediates intracellular calcium transport from and to cells and mediates neuronal cell activity. Moreover, it is a powerful antioxidant. Because of all these qualities, taurine is considered an adjunct in the treatment of several diseases, including some serious disorders such as congestive heart failure, hypertension, diabetes or retinal damage.
Maintains visual acuity
Taurine is a powerful antioxidant present in large amounts in the retina. Taurine deficiency has been associated with damage to the retina and vision damage. Experts explain the phenomenon by the fact that this amino acid improves rod and cone cell activity in the eye, which act as visual receptors. As we age, rod and cone cells located near the optic nerve are damaged and gradually die which decreases therefore the visual acuity. In time, for some people, it might get to blindness. The phenomenon is more common in those with diabetes and those who have unprotected UV exposure. But the antioxidant power of taurine and the protection it offers to the cells compensates the negative effects of diabetes and of ultraviolet radiations on the eye tissues.
Regulates cardiac activity
Every day your heart beats about 100,000 times and the heart muscle’s effort is huge throughout your life. To the permanent usage given by the continuous activity the one caused by aging is added. This leads to performance changes in heart’s activity.
This can translate into problems such as palpitations, impaired contraction of the heart muscle, heart failure and increased risk of death from heart disease.
Taurine increases the force of contraction of heart muscle, providing an increase of the flow of blood through the arteries and better oxygenation of tissues, so it is indicated in the prevention of heart disease. Furthermore, some animal studies have shown that due to its antioxidant effect, taurine prevents cholesterol deposits on artery walls.
Restores brain balance
The largest amounts of taurine in the organism are found in the eye and brain tissue. Of course, this is not random. Taurine supports neuronal development and subsequently acts as an antioxidant protector of the nerve cells against damage from free radicals. As a result, all brain processes such as attention, memory and concentration are maintained at optimum levels and because taurine. Also personality disorders that occur as a result of changes of parameters and cerebral metabolism may be attenuated by taurine.