All medical treatments have adverse effects with varying degrees of risk, and certainly anyone experiences side effects of drugs at some point in life. They can range in severity from mild fever to serious problems like heart attack. A side effect is believed to be the reaction that occurs in addition to the therapeutic action of a drug. These reactions may occur when the administered drug dose changes or when a particular treatment ends. People undergoing treatment with a new drug may consider any unusual experience could be a side effect. Other factors that may cause worsening of symptoms:
• Incorrect diagnosis;
• Allergic reaction to drugs.
In this article we will present the side effects of your common drugs but also ways of preventing them.
Which are the side effects?
Some of the side effects seen in some of the groups of medicines:
1. painkillers without prescription. Most people take at least one such painkiller, most often used as anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Adverse effects: gastrointestinal disorder, gastrointestinal bleeding, gastroduodenal ulcer.
Following a survey conducted on a sample of 4200 adults, it was shown that most people are simply unaware of the health risks associated with taking NSAIDs. These drugs have been prescribed on a long-term and usually the recommended dose was exceeded, as commonly used with other pain medications or in combination with alcohol. NSAIDs include aspirin and medications containing ibuprofen or naproxen.
2. Antibiotics are medicines used to treat bacterial infections. The effect of these drugs is quite strong ( penicillin, amoxicillin, tetracycline ) and can cause unpleasant side effects such as gastrointestinal disturbances and candidiasis. In addition, inappropriate use over a long period can cause bacterial resistance to treatment, so the disease will be more difficult to cure and immunity will be lower.
3. Birth control pills. The most common side effects of birth control pills is weight gain and sensitive breasts.
Other side effects: nausea, depression, abdominal pain, headache, blurred vision, swelling . If you notice any of these symptoms contact a doctor immediately.
4. Antidepressants are recommended especially for patients suffering from severe depression. Antidepressants come from a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It works on a chemical in the brain called serotonin, which improves mood and plays an important role in digestion, sleep, attention and other body functions.
Adverse effects of antidepressants: drowsiness, nausea, lack of appetite food, dry mouth, headache, insomnia, sexual problems. Most side effects are temporary and will disappear after a few weeks of treatment, although some of them may persist (dry mouth and sexual disorders). SSRIs can cause withdrawal symptoms if treatment is abruptly discontinued.
5. Medication for cholesterol. Patients suffering from hypercholesterolemia need medication to keepcholesterol values at a safe level. There are several types of medications to lower cholesterol: statins, resins (bile acid sequestrants), niacin, and fibric acid derivatives of cholesterol absorption inhibitors.
Side effects of these drugs are not severe and do not occur frequently. These include: constipation, nausea, rash, liver failure, dizziness, abdominal pain, muscle pain or heartburn and weakness. When installing sudden muscle pain or weakness, contact your doctor as it may be about a situation called called rhabdomyolysis (muscle cells are destroyed, it released a toxic muscle pigment, which can trigger acute renal failure), which puts the patient’s life at risk.
6. Sleeping pills. Most belong to a specified class of drugs used to induce and maintain sleep, called sedative hypnotics. Sleeping pills can be dangerous for people with uncontrolled lung disease (asthma or COPD), because after taking them, the patients breathe more slowly and less deeply. Some sleeping pills can have harmful side effects such as parasomnias – behaviors and actions that a sleepwalker has no control over.
Why are there side effects?
Because the drugs are addressed to all people, the reaction is different for each patient and is influenced by various factors, such as age, general health, sex, ethnicity, disease severity or existence of other diseases. Side effects may occur because of interactions with other drugs.
How can we counteract the side effects?
There is no general method available to prevent medication side effects, but there are some general rules that you can apply:
– tell your physician your entire medical history, with the smallest details;
– listen carefully and follow the doctor’s recommendations about the drug dose administered;
– avoid fats, spicy foods and sweets when you are taking medication;
– do not panic if adverse reactions occur. Tell your doctor about them;
– do not drink alcohol while taking medical treatment;
– not combine two drugs unless your doctor has indicated that.
No effective drug is without side effects!