The kidneys are vital organs responsible for managing toxins, a process essential to maintain the chemical balance in the body and blood pressure. If you do not take care of your kidneys you may suffer from a variety of medical problems. Some conditions can cause severe kidney failure and even reverse kidney function. Some of the most common kidney disease are kidney stones, urinary tract infections and hypertension. Also, kidney diseases and diabetes are often associated. In fact, kidney diseases are the most common cause of death among diabetics. According to experts, many millions of people, especially people with diabetes with high blood sugar, require application of special measures to help the kidneys to function.
Ways to improve and maintain kidneys healthy
– Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet. According to recent studies, eating larger amounts of fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of kidney damage and metabolic acidosis. Acidosis can cause symptoms that include acceleration of breath, fatigue, confusion, and in extreme cases, shock or death. Fruits and vegetables support the kidneys in the elimination of acid from the body through urine. Increased intake of fruits and vegetables may be particularly useful for patients suffering from chronic kidney diseases who are more sensitive or prone to metabolic acidosis.
– Take fish oil supplements to improve the efficiency of dialysis. According to new studies, omega 3 fatty acids – found in fish, nuts and supplements – can reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death in dialysis patients. Experts have found that higher levels of Omega 3 in blood among people who have just started hemodialysis is directly associated with a lower risk of sudden death in the first year of treatment. These studies are the first steps toward identifying a possible effective treatment against sudden cardiac death.
– Reduce salt, protein and water intake. The organism consumes a lot of energy in unnecessary processes such as managing excess sugar, protein and even water and, also, for developing kidney functions which serve as the body’s filtration system . So if you eat too much of any of these, your kidneys will have to work harder and this can lead to kidney failure.
Although sodium is an essential mineral for maintaining a healthy fluid balance, when a person makes has too much salt, it will not be filtered correctly, especially in people with kidney disease and high blood pressure can occur. In addition, this may increase the risk of more serious diseases including heart attack and stroke.
Excessive consumption of protein – more than one gram per kilogram of body weight – can cause stress on the kidneys, forcing them to work hard to remove urea from the blood and thus kidney failure may occur.
Similarly, a high intake of water (yes, there is such a condition called hyponatremia) can cause kidney damage. The kidneys can filter out only about 840 – 1025 g of water every hour.
– Exercise. According to experts, regular exercise is extremely beneficial for patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and those who have had a kidney transplant. Research notes that those who do workouts regularly not only improve their physical appearance, but benefit from a healthy blood pressure.
Avoid substances that are toxic for the kidneys
– Limit the use of painkillers containing ibuprofen, naproxen or acetaminophen. These NSAIDs cause constriction of blood vessels in the kidneys, resulting in reduced blood flow to that area. If you are taking any of these medicines, talk to your doctor first. Moreover, do not take these medications together with caffeine, as this combination can affect kidney function and more.
– Request information about possible unwanted side effects on the kidneys by the drugs you are going to take. If you already have kidney failure (even mild or moderate) or are prone to kidney infections, avoid drugs in whose prescription is noted that may interfere with the normal renal function.
– Stop smoking . Researchers found that people with chronic kidney disease who smoke have a higher amount of protein in their urine. In smokers with diabetes, kidney failure progresses twice as fast. Ask for help to be able to quit this vice.
Other measures to maintain kidneys healthy:
• make regular visits to the doctor to check your kidney function
• take medicine only after talking to a doctor
• follow a healthy diet and follow the diet’s prescribed limits
• make regular blood and urine tests.