Medical Advice

Diagnosing Varicose Veins

If you experience swollen veins in the legs, tired legs, heavy and painful itching and burning along the swollen veins, you may suffer from varicose veins or varicose and require medical attention and treatment. Varicose veins may extend and, in some cases, become prominent. These can be seen in some people, on their thighs, legs, calves, and ankles.



If you have varicose but it does not cause any discomfort, you do not have to consult your doctor. Varicose veins are rarely a serious condition and usually require no treatment.

You need to seek medical advice if:
– your varicose veins cause pain or discomfort
– the skin is inflamed and irritated;
– leg pains are irritating at night and disrupt sleep.

Varicose veins are diagnosed by their appearance. Your doctor will examine the legs while sitting upright to check for any signs of swelling. They may ask you to describe any pain that you have and if there are situations that aggravate the symptoms of varicose veins. For example, some women may observe that the menstrual cycle affects their varicose veins. The doctor may request details of risk factors for varicose veins, including:

– varices in family medical history;
– pregnancy ,
– the value of body mass index ;
– deep vein thrombosis;
– a history of injuries of the leg.


If the doctor thinks it is necessary to analyze the varicose veins, they can send the patient to a specialist in Phlebology. After examination, the specialist will decide if further investigation is needed. There are several investigations that will be used specifically to investigate varicose veins.

These are:

– the Doppler test – this is a type of ultrasound test that provides information about the direction of blood flow in the veins. This provides clues about how well the valves work. A Doppler test can be used to check any clots in the veins.
– the color duplex ultrasound scan – is a painless procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to produce images of the inside of your body, providing color images of the vein structure. With this investigation blood flow velocity can be measured.

Preparing for your appointment

You will not need to make special preparations before consultation. The doctor has to see your bare legs to diagnose varicose veins and what treatment might be best for your condition. Your family doctor may recommend you a consult with a specialist in Phlebology and vascular surgery or dermatologist.

Before the consultation try not to sit or stay in the same position for more than 30 minutes. Raise your legs when you sit and avoid uncomfortable shoes or tight socks and stockings

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