Medical Advice

Complications of Colds

The common cold symptoms are annoying or bothersome; however, its complications can be serious. Sinusitis, bronchitis or ear infections cause unpleasant feelings until the administration of antibiotics or other medications to relieve these symptoms. It is important to become aware of possible complications of an ordinary cold by knowing the symptoms signaling a possible complication of these colds.


Complications after a cold

Normally, a common cold does not require medical check. Symptoms such as stuffy nose, sore throat and nausea usually pass on their own. Severe chills and body temperature above 38.5C, indicates the presence of flu. A doctor’s check and taking medications may reduce the symptoms.

Sometimes, however, colds develop into a more serious medical complications such as:
– sinus infections ( sinusitis )
– asthma
– bronchitis
– ear infections

Additionally, for people suffering from asthma, chronic bronchitis or emphysema, the respiratory symptoms may persist for several weeks after the period of illness.

The most common complications from a cold are:

  • Sinusitis. Sinusitis occurs after inflammation of the mucus membrane lining the sinus cavities. Following this inflammation, mucus-secreting glands increase their production volume, and, after blocking the channels of the sinus, pressure increases and, thus, the symptom of runny nose appears. If the cold’s symptoms persist for more than a week and sinus pains, headache, upper tooth pain, stuffy nose, cough, yellow-green nasal secretions occur, it can indicate the presence of a sinus infection and medical advice is recommended.
  • Asthmatic Crisis. People with asthma may suffer from congestion after a cold, which occurs after trying to cough mucus from throat or lungs. Initially it may manifest as dry cough and wheezing or shortness of breath and chest pressure. When asthma worsens you should follow prescribed medications for this condition or contact your doctor immediately.
  • Bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways caused by bacterial or viral infections. A cough can be productive with thick and yellow mucus, occasionally with blood. Bronchitis usually passes without medical treatment. If withdrawal symptoms persist or you develop slight shortness of breath seek medical advice.
  • Sore throat and tonsillitis. Sore throat are common in colds and are caused mainly by viruses. Strep throat is caused by the streptococcus bacteria. Generally, tonsillitis can be caused by viruses or bacteria.
  • Ear infections. Ear infection is a common complication of the ear. Viruses cause up to 80% of ear infections and antibiotics have no effect on them. In this case, the streptococcus bacteria that trigger ear pain, sleep disorders, yellowish runny nose, low fever and discharge from the ear is usually involved.
  • Chronic colds and medical conditions. If a person suffers from a chronic illness such as asthma, heart disease, diabetes , emphysema or HIV / AIDS , a cold can aggravate these problems, so it is important to know the preventive measures and treatment for a cold.

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