Reasons why breast lumps appear
The breast is connected to the muscles from your chest. The breasts are made out of fatty tissues, but also contain milk-forming glands. Breast lumps can develop in both the fatty tissues and the milk-forming glands.
There are various factors which can cause breast lumps. Many of the changes which occur in the breasts are normal. The breasts change on a regular basis during the menstrual cycle because of the hormones.
More than 50 percent of women experience pains and lumps in their breasts during their menstrual cycle. This usually happens in the week before the period, and it goes away when the period starts.
Most common causes of Lumps, and How to treat them
Women under the age of 40 might suffer of fibroadenoma, which is a benign lump in the breast. They develop because of the excess growth of the connective tissues and glands in the breast.
They are firm, round, and rubbery to the touch, and when they are pressed, they move slightly under the skin. They do not cause pain. They usually go away after menopause, but they can be surgically removed as well.
There are women who have breast cysts as well. Cysts are lumps filled with fluids, and any woman regardless of the age can develop them. They are round, firm, and smooth, and they move when they are pressed.
They usually appear two weeks before the period, and go away soon after it. The cysts can be drained with a thin needle which is inserted in the breast by the doctor. In 30 percent of the cases, the cyst fills up with fluid again, but it can be drained afterwards as well.
Many women, who are breast feeding, have lumps because of infections. The reason for that is the fact that the ducts through which milk travels becomes blocked. The infection can be treated pretty easy, with antibiotics, paracetamol, and warm compresses.
In case you find a lump in your breast, you should make an appointment with your doctor. It is very likely that they will ask you if you experience pain, nipple discharges, when did you had your last period, if you take certain medications, if someone in your family has had breast problems, and so on.
You should expect questions such as this one. The doctor will most likely examine your breasts.
A thorough examination is required, so you most likely be asked to change position, such as to stand, sit, and lay down, and so on.
He/she might also ask you to point out the lump, and in case you had a discharge, to demonstrate it by squeezing your nipple. Based on the examination, the doctor might give you a certain treatment, ask for a re-examination, or send you to a breast specialist.
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