Medical Advice

Breast Cancer: Mammography, Breast Ultrasound

Mammography and breast ultrasound are the two most important investigations that have to made to prevent problems that may occur to the breasts. Find out when is best to make them!

Depending on the particulars of each investigation, your gynecologist may recommend surgery to control a mammogram or breast ultrasound. During a routine gynecological examination is after menstruation, asks doctor and a consultant to begin involving breast palpation. Breast examination is very important because breast cancer is very common in young girls,” warns Cristina Schols oncologist from Euromedic clinic in Rome.

Then it can recommend either a breast ultrasound or a mammogram by age or that you have found the problem after feeling the breasts. In addition to mammography or breast ultrasound, there are other investigations recommended for problems arising in the breast: sonoelastography, thermography and MRI of the breasts.

Breast ultrasound: nine things to remember

* is recommended for women under 40 years of age;
* does not hurt, it is safe and non-irradiated;
* takes 20-30 minutes;
* not 100% reliable method for detecting tumors;
* very small nodules are not found with it;
* allow differentiation between a cyst and a solid mass;
* does not require special training prior to them;
* allows the visualization of lesions when breasts are dense;
* breast ultrasound is done just like any other ultrasound: A gel is applied to the skin for the transducer to move easily and to eliminate air between the skin and this. The transducer will be pressed onto the skin and coordinated over the entire breast to be valued.

Mammography: 8 things to remember

* is made ​​after 40 years;
* is a method irradiance;
* may cause a little discomfort because the breast is pressed gently for a few seconds;
* is a few days after menstruation;
* detected in early stage breast cancer;
* discover very small nodules;
* under 40 years is recommended only for relevant medical suspicions;
* not recommended under 40 years because it is more glandular tissue and does not show any damage, explains radiologist at the Euromedic clinic Salieri Ximena. After 40 years, the glandular tissue is less, which helps the lesions to appear white on mammogram,” says the specialist.

What you should know about breast cancer

* occurs at much younger girls;
* in recent years, the number of fatalities has decreased dramatically;
* the appearance of a node is not always a sign of cancer, but should be investigated. 8 of 10 breast lumps are usually benign;
* the symptoms are often quite advanced stage of disease;
* 70% of breast cancers are discovered through self-examination;
* women with silicone implants are not at risk for breast cancer, but must carry out an annual mammogram because it is very difficult to detect a possible transformation of cells;
* breast cancer stage 1 or 2 not only has relapsed less than 10% of cases.

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