Medical Advice

All about Leg Cramps

You cannot enjoy the sleep at night because you are woken up by soreness or cramps in the calf, thigh or fingers? It could be about that kind of discomfort and inconvenience that will make you get out of bed to look for any remedy. You may think that you are dreaming and only have a nightmare. Well, leg soreness can be a nightmare if it occurs often. Once you feel like you are going to have such a cramp or spasm, stretch your legs with your toes up towards the knees. If this does not work, get off the bed and put all your weight on the affected leg until the pain disappears. You can try any of the remedies below, and if pain persists you can take an anti-inflammatory.



The main triggers of the leg cramps are:

• Lack of potassium can be one of the reasons
• Long standing
• Sitting position for a long time
• Too much exercise
• Lack of potassium, calcium and magnesium
• Dehydration
• Drugs such as those for regulating blood pressure, diuretics, oral contraceptives , antipsychotics, statins and steroids

Nocturnal leg cramps, a serious condition

In some cases, serious medical conditions can give rise to muscle cramps:

• Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
• Spinal stenosis
• Addison’s disease
• Alcoholism
• Cirrhosis
• Hypothyroidism
• Chronic Kidney Disease
• Diabetes Type 1 and 2
• Parkinson’s disease

Muscle cramps may also be related to pregnancy or the normal aging process. Ask your doctor to recommend a program of exercise and a proper nutrition plan based on foods rich in potassium, magnesium and calcium.

How eliminate nocturnal cramps

1. In order to get rid of leg soreness, stretch and tilt toes to knees. Alternatively, grab the toes and pull them in the direction of the knee.

2. Stand up and walk around, strongly shake the leg, then return to bed and put a pillow under your stretched leg.

3. Gently massage the painful area with a circular motion to help improve muscle tone.

4. Relax in a hot bath, take a shower or apply a heating pad heated for at least 10 minutes to get rid of the pain.

5. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water every day for vitamins and minerals to be absorbed into the body in an appropriate manner.

6. Stretch your legs every night. One way would be to sit leaning forward at about 50 cm from the wall, keeping your fingertips up. Allow hands to slide on the wall while you stretch your leg muscles.

7. Maintain your muscles fit by swimming or aquatic exercise.

8. Wear appropriate shoes and stay away from high heels.

9. Make sure that you have an optimum level of calcium, potassium and magnesium in the body, eat plenty of vitamin E and A.

10. Include bananas, tomatoes, potatoes, broccoli, melon and citrus fruits in your diet. Visit your doctor to determine the cause of muscle cramps. In most cases stretching, strenuous exercise and a healthy diet helps eliminate muscle cramps.

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