Pain Knee pain is extremely common and can be caused by many conditions. It is important to make a diagnosis more accurate, so the patient to receive adequate treatment for the disease which causes knee pain.
Knee pain can be caused by injury, motor problems, certain types of arthritis, and other medical problems.
– Arthritis. Arthritis is a common cause of knee pain. Arthritis is a general term that includes a group of conditions classified into several subcategories, depending on the symptoms, location and progression.
– Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage wear knee (flat layers, which protects the knee bones), which damage the bone in that area.
– Rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the immune system attacks the knee after a membrane inside the joint, causing pain, inflammation and tissue damage to the knee.
– Gout. Gout occurs when a substance called uric acid accumulates in the knee, causing sharp pain and intense.
– Pseudogout. Pesudeoguta can affect knee after knee joint are built in crystals of calcium pyrophosphate.
– Septic arthritis. Septic arthritis develops when bacteria attack the knee joint, causing severe pain, inflammation and stiffness.
– Post-traumatic arthritis. Post-traumatic arthritis can trigger the many years after a person has suffered a knee injury such as a fracture of a bone or ligament damage.
– Damage to the meniscus. Another common cause of knee pain that triggers involve injuries to the meniscus. Is inside the knee meniscus and is a structure that pays shocks that occur during locomotion.
In time, especially in people who have an intense physical activity (athletes), the meniscus tends to deteriorate and break. Especially young and active people suffering meniscus tear. Smell of grass causes intense pain, duration, occurring in the recovery period after surgery.
– Osgood-Schlatter disease. This condition usually affects adolescent boys, overweight is caused by remoteness and tendons attached to the top of the tibia near the knee. The disease is characterized by sharp knee pain.
– Bursitis. Scholarships are fluid-filled structures located inside the knee, and their role is to captuseasca and lubricate areas where bones can rub knees. Some activities that involve bending the leg can cause irritation scholarship, triggering bursitis. Bursitis is a condition that causes discomfort and pain in the knee.
– Tendinitis. Tendons are tissues that anchor muscles to bones strong. Tendonitis occurs when the tendons become inflamed and break and cause severe pain in the knee.
– Damage to ligaments. Ligaments are another type of tissue located within the knee. There are several types of ligaments: the connecting bones inside and outside edges of the knee (medial collateral ligament) and those crosses inside the knee (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments can overstretching or broken, most often during intense sports activities. Depending on the type of ligament, tearing or stretching them can cause various knee pain with variable intensity, and knee instability.
– Patellar Chondromalacia (patellar). In this condition, the cartilage under the kneecap weakens and deteriorates. The condition can be caused by overuse of the knee joint damage or can occur when the patella is not aligned properly. Damage to the cartilage under the kneecap can be mild or severe. Depending on the degree of damage increases the intensity of pain.
– Patellofemoral pain syndrome. Patellofemoral pain syndrome, also called runners knee is a common cause of knee pain. The condition can be caused by physical strain, strain weakening or tissues around the knee and Misalignment of the kneecap. The syndrome causes intense pain in the knee.
– Breaking the knee bones. Sometimes a knee injury can break small pieces of bone or cartilage. These pieces of bone may be fixed in the joint, causing hardening of the joint. Pain and inflammation may be present area.
– Iliotibial band syndrome. Ilitiobiala band is a tough tissue that extends from the hip to the shin. When this tissue is irritated from overuse of the knee, iliotibial band may become inflamed and cause pain on the outside of the knee.
– Synovial plica syndrome of the knee. Synovial plica is a tissue that is found in the knee joint. Sometimes synovial plica irritated after knee overload and inflammation and pain may result.
– Dislocation of the patella. Another condition that can cause knee pain is severe dislocation of the patella. This happens when the triangular bone (patella) – the bone that covers the front of the knee – knee outwards slip out of place. Dislocation is visible and it is possible that the patella to move from side to side of the knee. The condition is very painful and require urgent medical intervention.
Knee injuries are very common and can be very painful. If you have knee pain, see your doctor to find out the source of pain. To diagnose the source of knee pain, the doctor will have to do a thorough checkup. Investigations may include X-ray radiography, MRI or MR artograma – a special type of MRI in which a dye is injected into the knee agreement to see more detail, the knee joint.