Health Articles

Child up to 2 years – common diseases

When you do not feel well babies can not tell exactly where it hurts, when the pain started, what would alleviate discomfort or makes them feel worse. In short a sick baby can not say the symptoms manifested, so it becomes like a blank page for diagnosis. One of the most serious medical error diagnosis is wrong, it can be omitted a serious pathological condition or improper treatment can be recommended. This situation is more dangerous for small patients than for older children.

9 months later

Nine Months Later

Even if Childhood illnesses that they encounter daily pediatricians symptoms are different from babies to older children. Because of this, parents are unable to realize that their baby is 6 months same streptococcal infection, which he had recently their child 6 years. Along with consultation, details provided by parents of great importance for establishing the correct diagnosis made by a doctor.
Because risk is minimized establish a diagnosis present the most common diseases seen in children below 2 years.
I was a child ugly, bald, with swelling and an irregular shape of the head, the mother often says, shaking her head when she looked over old photos albums. Baldness and swelling disappeared but remained slightly misshapen head. It seems I had congenital torticollis, insufficient development of neck muscles that cause head tilted position. Like many children with this disorder have not slept in a position to ease the discomfort of stiff neck, so my head slightly flattened on one side (which is called Plagiocephaly condition).

Torticollis may be present at birth or may develop gradually if a child sleeps in the same position or constantly keeps its head down the same side. In fact, the number of cases of the disease has increased since 1992, when he started a campaign to prevent sudden infant death syndrome – common among children sleeping in back position. If torticollis is not detected in time, the neck muscles shorten and children will tilt your head in a specific way. Parents and doctors often do not notice torticollis (or Plagiocephaly) until it gets worse.

When a girl was born in New York this writer knew immediately that something is wrong with her neck. However, pediatrician assured her that babies take some time to straighten her neck. But the 6-week consultation Zoe’s symptoms were unmistakable: hold his head down and to the right, chin pointing up and to the left and the left side of the face was larger and was obviously more developed, says mother. Although this writer girl a severe form of torticollis, correct and timely detection led to the successful correction of physical and occupational therapy.
Heads Up!
Whether it is a severe form of congenital torticollis or mild if the diagnosis is not made on time serious health problems can occur.

In severe cases of Plagiocephaly to correct head shape will recommend wearing the helmet.
In severe cases of torticollis, may require surgery. Vision problems, jaw malformation, facial asymmetries that can lead to problems with speech and feeding difficulties to perform fine movements and sensory disturbances may be consequences of untreated disease.

pharyngitis streptococicaSus
Go to the pediatrician’s office if your child has a fever and says it hurts neck or realize this. Your doctor may request a test for streptococcus. If in this case the subject is an infant, the diagnosis can be done differently. Streptococcal infection in the throat, like scarlet fever are rare among children aged up to two years.
If the condition is not diagnosed promptly and antibiotic treatment is established, complications can be serious – rheumatic fever, impaired cardiovascular and even severe joint pain. Thus, when your baby has a fever and sore red (symptoms of many diseases) it is advisable to request a throat swabs for the diagnosis to be correct.

Diabetes mellitus type 1
There are two types of diabetes:
– Type 2 – usually occurs in adults and is linked to medical family history and obesity;
– Type 1 / juvenile diabetes – is the most common chronic disease among children. It can be diagnosed and babies younger than 6 months.

Early manifestations characteristic of type 1 diabetes are subtle and can easily be confused. For young children, this condition can mimic the symptoms of flu or colds light. If bottle fed or breastfed babies, increased thirst or urination frequency may go unnoticed. Also, decreased appetite could be attributed to fluctuations of development.

The event serious signs (shortness of breath, numbness and ultimately, loss of consciousness) must determine any mother to address medical emergencies.
But what happens if your doctor is not convinced that the baby has diabetes?
The fact is that the sequence of events that indicate the existence of this disease (lethargy, dehydration, vomiting, weight loss) are easily confused with symptoms of pneumonia or gastroenteritis. Therefore, a correct diagnosis is necessary to achieve a urine test (glycosuria) and measuring blood sugar (blood sugar).

Therefore, try to keep a record of the early symptoms of the disease, including how often the baby urinates night. If you suspect a link with diabetes calls for a specific analysis of blood or urine.

In case of minor head trauma should be carefully tracking the baby in the first 8-12 hours. Symptoms requiring hospitalization could be: lethargy, vomiting, changes in pupil size, loss of balance or other abnormal movements of the injured. Falls from a height of four feet or head or the resulting rotation of the body require special attention.

Young children can not tell if you are dizzy after the coup. Intuition a parent on accident severity can be a useful diagnostic tool. It will be difficult to figure out if a baby or small child is affected by the strike, its manifestations (confusion, sensitivity to light) is more emotional. Little will be hard to focus after the shock of the injury and may not offer too many clues. However if a parent tells the doctor “my baby fell and his general condition is changed to” it will take the necessary measures.

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that is characterized by seizures. Children can have seizures and other conditions: high fever or hypoglycemia. A unique crisis, without any specific case, is not sufficient for the diagnosis of epilepsy. One of the main questions that your doctor will put them to realize it’s about the disease or else it will be that, if the crisis was repeated. However, seizures can be subtle and difficult to recognize, even if little had such an event.

Body rigidity, seizures and muscle spasms are difficult to confuse. After a seizure, the child may lose consciousness. One of the first signs or cues to tell if you might have epilepsy or not it would be fixed gaze of the child. If you manage to distract with a sound, for example, then it is a normal reaction, shock. If you can not remove it from that state should consult the neurologist.

If you can, try to surprise the behavior of crisis when the camera or video (including on the mobile phone) to show the doctor. Most likely, the child will not have seizures in office specialist and images behavior could be helpful in diagnosing the correct camera lens being a witness, compared with a worried parent.

If a child past the age of 2 years is not responding to his name, the cause may be a deficiency of auditory (hearing loss – a condition that adversely affects cognitive development in young children). Frequently there are also cases where, at birth, hearing is fine but for various reasons it is damaged (untreated ear infections, ototoxic drugs, etc.). Thus, to prevent hearing damage, the pediatrician should evaluate the health of the ear after each infection.

Usually a child’s eye health is assessed before it starts the first year of school. Investigations follow congenital defects such as cataracts. However, if you notice that your baby close to your eye or books seem like squinting look, not responding to his name, do not react to noises, tends to tilt your head to see or hear better, go with him the doctor to check hearing and vision.

Esophageal sphincter, which connects the esophagus and stomach in infants aged insufficient reason sensitive to variations of pressure in the stomach. These pressures can cause discharge of food from the stomach into the esophagus.

Regurgitation is common since the first months of life and involves removing small amounts of food, after or during a meal. It is normal in the first months of life. This phenomenon should not be confused with gastroesophageal reflux disease. If vomiting is accompanied by stomach pain, baby cries, and it seems that nothing can calm your physician diagnosis of colic.

There is a risk that the diagnosis of colic hide gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (muscular valve between the esophagus and stomach) opens at the wrong time or does not close properly. In this way, food and stomach acid will move in the opposite direction (up) into the esophagus. Because gastroesophageal reflux is painful it is normal to feel discomfort and kids crying because of the pain.

Parents should not feel embarrassed when their child vomit but to think about the consequences of this fact. When a child is vomiting a lot and frequently due to the loss of nutrients and calories needed is difficult to maintain a normal body weight and develop naturally. When milk is regurgitated it can be drawn, which can lead to respiratory problems (gastroesophageal reflux is considered a risk factor for asthma). At the same time, the constant presence of gastric acid into the esophagus can cause ulcers and even permanent scarring.

Gastroesophageal reflux can be easily controlled in mild cases by:
– Diet modification – by thickening formula with cereal. For older children avoid foods that cause acid (citrus, tomatoes), meals more often, but in smaller quantities, etc.) may be helpful.
– Measures to prevent backflow – by raising part of the bed where the child is placed head during sleep (for example, you can put one card in the crib feet), keeping the child upright few minutes after eating baby eructeze help (this is do after every meal – to remove the air swallowed with food).

If these simple actions do not improve the health of the baby will need medical treatment prescribed by your doctor.

Whooping cough is a bacterial infection that is transmitted as any cold – by air from an infected person coughs or sneezes that the healthy person. In fact, the first symptoms (occurring one week after exposure) are similar to common colds. After a week or two when the first manifestations: a terrible cough, difficult to calm.

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Children with this condition often cough so hard that vomit. In popular terms, pertussis is known as “whooping cough”. These symptoms with wheezing (desperate need of inspiration from lack of air caused by cough) should lead to the correct diagnosis.
In children younger than 6 months cough is quite rare and manifestations of a child with whooping cough resembles the one who has pneumonia, asthma, laryngeal croup or any other viral infection of the upper respiratory tract.

Because in some cases the main symptom (cough) do not show any in adolescents and adults is difficult to determine if a child has been exposed or not this infection. Babies with pertussis may not cough at all, but may have vomiting may be bruised and may wheeze. Any of these events are sufficient to cause the baby to the pediatrician or the emergency room. The best way to protect a child from pertussis immunization is both parents and those around him.

As no doctor knows your child better than ideal doctor is to offer him any information that you think could help make an accurate diagnosis.

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