Nowadays, people don’t put too much accent on what and when they eat and that’s the reason why so many heart diseases and also digestive problems appear. It is important to take care of yourself, especially if you reached the age when your body is very susceptible to cholesterol deposits, and the first step is to change your diet.
What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure appears when the walls of your blood vessels begin to thicken due to “bad cholesterol” deposits or other causes. The normal blood pressure is 120/80 and it can be called high only when it passes 140/90. Usually, high blood pressure is caused by an increased intake of salt, unhealthy food, saturated fats, smoking, aging but also obesity and genetic predisposition.
The majority of patients who have hypertension are at risk of suffering from heart disease, kidney disease, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), stroke and eye damage. For this reason, those who have already been diagnosed with high blood pressure should follow a strict diet avoiding the foods that can harm the blood vessels or the heart.
Best diet for hypertensive patients
After a person is diagnosed with high blood pressure, they should really consider decreasing the salt intake. The recommended amount of sodium is 2,400 milligrams per day or a teaspoon of salt. Reading the label of certain foods is mandatory since it can show the exact amount of sodium they contain.
The main types of foods that can be eaten frequently without worrying about the blood pressure are lean cuts of meat, fresh or frozen fish, plain rice and noodles, skimmed milk and also cereals. Additionally, chicken and turkey can also be consumed (without the skin, boiled, not fried) together with loaf bread and English muffins, fresh or frozen vegetables that don’t contain salt. Spices and herbs are also important and they replace the salt effect. Garlic is said to help the blood flow and it is considered a very healthy herb.
However, without exercising and quitting smoking, all the food diet will be in vain. It is important to maintain a rather slim figure and keep yourself fit for your height. Smoking is the main vice that makes cholesterol attach to your veins therefore quitting is mandatory. Moreover, you should stop drinking more than 4-5 glasses in a row, since the body will receive a sudden boost of alcohol and your blood vessels won’t resist the pressure. Nevertheless, having a glass of red wine is acceptable and even recommended as it encourages the body to produce hemoglobin.
It is also for the best to avoid smoked or treated meats such as hot dogs, sausages and bacon, canned fish and fish that live in the sea, cheese, salty snacks, regular canned vegetables and pickled foods. All these foods are not recommended because they contain a high amount of salt, the main agent that increases blood pressure.
In conclusion, if you want to avoid suffering from high blood pressure or taking unnecessary pills, then you should change your diet. Fruits, vegetables and fish are recommended and you should stay away from drinking and smoking.